Determinants of longitudinal changes in spirometric function among swine confinement operators and farmers

Am J Respir Crit Care Med. 1995 Jan;151(1):47-53. doi: 10.1164/ajrccm.151.1.7812571.


To assess whether working in a swine confinement facility causes an excess or accelerated decline in lung function, we conducted a population-based study to evaluate the determinants of longitudinal changes in airflow in a population of swine confinement operators. Spirometric measures of lung function were compared between swine confinement operators (N = 168) and neighborhood farmer control subjects (N = 127). Study subjects were randomly selected from a cohort of swine confinement operators in eastern Iowa. The control farming population was matched by geographic location, age, and sex to the swine confinement operators. On average, the follow-up time was approximately 2 yr, with a range of follow-up between 56 and 1,900 d. Although swine confinement operators and neighborhood farmers had similar demographic characteristics (age, gender, racial background, smoking history, and atopy status), swine confinement operators tended to have less farming experience and were more extensively followed (more measures of lung function and longer periods of observation) than the neighborhood farmer control group. Swine confinement operators were also exposed to higher environmental dust concentrations and other irritants than the farmer control subjects. Interestingly, the cross-sectional data indicated that swine confinement operators tended to have slightly lower measures of airflow and greater workshift declines in forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1), forced vital capacity (FVC), and mid-expiratory flow (FEF25-75) than the neighborhood farmer control group.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Agricultural Workers' Diseases / diagnosis
  • Agricultural Workers' Diseases / epidemiology
  • Agricultural Workers' Diseases / physiopathology*
  • Animal Husbandry / statistics & numerical data
  • Animals
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Iowa / epidemiology
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Lung / physiopathology*
  • Lung Diseases / diagnosis
  • Lung Diseases / epidemiology
  • Lung Diseases / physiopathology*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Occupational Exposure / adverse effects*
  • Occupational Exposure / statistics & numerical data
  • Random Allocation
  • Regression Analysis
  • Spirometry / statistics & numerical data
  • Swine