Temperature-sensitive nucleoporin nup49-316 mutant cells accumulate poly(A)+ RNA inside the nucleus when shifted to restrictive temperature. We performed a synthetic lethal screen with this mutant allele to identify further components of the mRNA export machinery. A synthetic lethal mutant slv21 was isolated, which exhibited a ts phenotype and showed nuclear accumulation of poly(A)+ RNA at 37 degrees C. The wild-type gene complementing slv21 was cloned and sequenced. It encodes a novel protein Nup133p which is located at the nuclear pore complex. NUP133 is not an essential gene, but cells in which NUP133 is disrupted grow slowly at permissive temperatures and stop growing at 37 degrees C. Concomitant with the growth inhibition, nup133- cells accumulate poly(A)+ RNA inside the nucleus whereas nuclear import of a karyophilic reporter protein is not altered. Strikingly, nup133- cells display extensive clustering of nuclear pore complexes at a few sites on the nuclear envelope. However, the nuclear pore clustering phenotype and intranuclear accumulation of poly(A)+ RNA are not obligatorily linked, since an amino-terminally truncated Nup133p allows normal poly(A)+ RNA export, but does not complement the clustering phenotype of nup133- cells.