Role of platelet activating factor in acute pancreatitis induced by lipopolysaccharides in rabbits

Eur J Pharmacol. 1994 Aug 22;261(3):265-72. doi: 10.1016/0014-2999(94)90116-3.


In the present study we demonstrated that a single injection of endotoxin (lipopolysaccharides, E. Coli 0111-B4) into the superior pancreaticoduodenal artery of rabbits induced a dose-dependent acute necrotizing pancreatitis. The lesions observed by light microscopy were significant for 10 micrograms lipopolysaccharides and were maximal for 20 micrograms. After 24 h the main findings were edema, acinar cell vacuolisation, polymorphonuclear neutrophil infiltration and tissue necrosis. The pancreatic lesions developed strictly in the area supplied by the artery injected with lipopolysaccharides, without significant intestinal involvement. Since platelet-activating factor (1-O-hexadecyl-2-acetyl-sn-glycero-3- phosphocholine, PAF; 50-500 ng), a phospholipid mediator of endotoxin-induced inflammation and shock, was previously shown to cause an acute necrotizing pancreatitis in rabbits, the role of PAF in the development of acute pancreatitis induced by lipopolysaccharides was studied by evaluating: (1) the synergism between doses of lipopolysaccharides (5-10 micrograms), which produced a mild tissue injury, and doses of PAF (10 ng) not producing, per se, any significant injury, and (2) the effect of three structurally unrelated PAF receptor antagonists. The results obtained demonstrated that 10 ng of PAF significantly potentiated pancreatic tissue damage induced by 10 micrograms of lipopolysaccharides.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Acute Disease
  • Animals
  • Escherichia coli*
  • Female
  • Lipopolysaccharides*
  • Male
  • Necrosis
  • Pancreatitis / chemically induced
  • Pancreatitis / pathology*
  • Platelet Activating Factor / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Platelet Activating Factor / physiology*
  • Platelet Membrane Glycoproteins / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Rabbits
  • Receptors, Cell Surface*
  • Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled*


  • Lipopolysaccharides
  • Platelet Activating Factor
  • Platelet Membrane Glycoproteins
  • Receptors, Cell Surface
  • Receptors, G-Protein-Coupled
  • platelet activating factor receptor