Reliability of differential PCR for the detection of EGFR and MDM2 gene amplification in DNA extracted from FFPE glioma tissue

J Neuropathol Exp Neurol. 1995 Jan;54(1):57-64. doi: 10.1097/00005072-199501000-00007.


A series of 43 human gliomas, consisting of 30 glioblastomas, 7 anaplastic astrocytomas, 3 low grade astrocytomas, 2 ependymomas, and 1 oligodendroglioma, was studied for amplification of the epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) and mouse double minute 2 (MDM2) genes. DNA extracted from formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue sections was analyzed by differential PCR and the results were compared with slot blot examination of DNA extracted from frozen tissue from the same neoplasms. Twelve glioblastomas (40%) showed amplification of the EGFR gene, and overexpression of EGFR was evident in each of these tumors as indicated by the immunoperoxidase technique. Two of the tumors with EGFR gene amplification also revealed amplification of the MDM2 gene, while one additional glioblastoma revealed MDM2 amplification only. A 100% concordance in the detection of amplification was observed between differential PCR and slot blot analysis; consequently, these results indicate that differential PCR using DNA extracted from archival tissue sections is a reliable method of demonstrating gene amplifications in glial tumors.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Base Sequence
  • DNA, Neoplasm / genetics*
  • ErbB Receptors / genetics*
  • Evaluation Studies as Topic
  • Female
  • Fixatives
  • Formaldehyde
  • Gene Amplification*
  • Glioma / genetics*
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Molecular Probes / genetics
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Neoplasm Proteins / genetics
  • Nuclear Proteins*
  • Paraffin Embedding
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction / methods*
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins / genetics*
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-mdm2


  • DNA, Neoplasm
  • Fixatives
  • Molecular Probes
  • Neoplasm Proteins
  • Nuclear Proteins
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins
  • Formaldehyde
  • MDM2 protein, human
  • Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-mdm2
  • ErbB Receptors