Spectrum of disease associated with anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic autoantibodies in pediatric patients

J Pediatr. 1995 Jan;126(1):40-3. doi: 10.1016/s0022-3476(95)70497-3.


Anti-neutrophil cytoplasmic autoantibodies (ANCA) are usually determined during the diagnostic evaluation of systemic vasculitis and glomerulonephritis syndromes in adult patients, but few pediatric patients with ANCA have been reported. We describe five pediatric patients with ANCA and glomerulonephritis, with and without upper or lower respiratory tract disease. We compared these five patients and six previously described patients to affected adults; the spectrum of ANCA-associated disease appears to be similar in adults and children, but a female predominance may exist in the pediatric patients. Pediatric patients often had end-stage renal disease within 1 year after onset. We conclude that ANCA is a useful diagnostic tool in both pediatric and adult patients with systemic vasculitis and glomerulonephritis.

Publication types

  • Case Reports
  • Comparative Study

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Antibodies, Antinuclear / immunology
  • Autoantibodies / immunology*
  • Blood Urea Nitrogen
  • Child, Preschool
  • Cytoplasm / immunology*
  • Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay
  • Female
  • Glomerulonephritis / complications
  • Glomerulonephritis / diagnosis
  • Glomerulonephritis / immunology*
  • Humans
  • Kidney Failure, Chronic
  • Male
  • Neutrophils / immunology*
  • Renal Dialysis
  • Respiratory Tract Diseases / complications
  • Sex Factors
  • Vasculitis / complications
  • Vasculitis / diagnosis
  • Vasculitis / immunology*


  • Antibodies, Antinuclear
  • Autoantibodies