UN1, a murine monoclonal antibody recognizing a novel human thymic antigen

Tissue Antigens. 1994 Aug;44(2):73-82. doi: 10.1111/j.1399-0039.1994.tb02362.x.


A murine monoclonal antibody (mAb) UN1 was produced on the basis of selective reactivity with human thymocytes. Characterization of UN1 by immunofluorescence gave a high intensity of labeling with the majority of human thymocytes. Expression was preferentially associated with immature thymocytes (CD3dim) compared to mature cells, whereas only a subpopulation of peripheral blood lymphocytes was weakly stained. No specific binding to monocytes or granulocytes was detected. The T-cell lines HPB-ALL, H9 and MOLT-4 were all positively bound by UN1. Immunohistological staining of thymic tissues showed that mAb UN1 detected cells in both the cortex and medulla of fetal thymus, whereas the reaction in thymus samples from young children was mainly with medullar cells. By western blotting analysis, the antigen recognized by mAb UN1 corresponds to a membrane polypeptide with a molecular weight of approximately 120 kDa present on thymocytes and HPB-ALL cells. The mAb UN1 was submitted to the 5th International Workshop and Conference on Human Leukocyte Differentiation Antigens, Boston, 1993. UN1 did not cluster in any of the old or new clusters of differentiation discussed at the conference, indicating its unique reactivity. Together with the data presented in this paper, this suggests that the UN1 antibody defines a previously undescribed molecule present on the cell surface of thymocytes and a minority of peripheral blood lymphocytes.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Antibodies, Monoclonal / immunology*
  • Antibody Specificity
  • Antigens, Differentiation, T-Lymphocyte / immunology*
  • Child, Preschool
  • Female
  • Fluorescent Antibody Technique
  • Humans
  • Immunoenzyme Techniques
  • Infant
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred BALB C
  • Neoplasm Proteins / immunology
  • T-Lymphocyte Subsets / immunology*
  • Thymus Gland / embryology
  • Thymus Gland / growth & development
  • Thymus Gland / immunology*
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured


  • Antibodies, Monoclonal
  • Antigens, Differentiation, T-Lymphocyte
  • Neoplasm Proteins