Cerebral blood flow and plasma hypoxanthine in relation to surfactant treatment

Acta Paediatr. 1994 Sep;83(9):910-4. doi: 10.1111/j.1651-2227.1994.tb13169.x.

Abstract

We have previously reported reduction in EEG activity in preterm babies after tracheal instillation of Curosurf. To elucidate the cause of EEG depression, we have examined cerebral blood flow (CFB), amplitude-integrated EEG (aEEG), mean arterial blood pressure (MABP) and plasma hypoxanthine (Hx) concentration in a group of preterm babies before and immediately after administration of surfactant. No change occurred in CBF immediately after surfactant treatment despite a significant decrease in MABP. At 60 min after surfactant administration, a significant reduction in CBF occurred (p < 0.05). However, when CBF values were corrected for changes in PaCO2, no reduction in CBF was observed. Mean plasma Hx concentration was 11.6 (SD 7.3) mumol/l before surfactant therapy, which decreased significantly to 8.1 (5.8) mumol/l (p < 0.05) 15-30 min after treatment. No correlations were found between plasma Hx concentration and FiO2, a/A pO2, PaCO2, SaO2, arterial blood pressure, CBF or the degree of EEG depression. This study indicates that EEG depression observed after surfactant instillation is not caused by cerebral ischemia.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Biological Products*
  • Blood Pressure / drug effects
  • Cerebrovascular Circulation / drug effects*
  • Electroencephalography / drug effects
  • Humans
  • Hypoxanthine
  • Hypoxanthines / blood*
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Infant, Premature, Diseases / drug therapy*
  • Infant, Premature, Diseases / metabolism
  • Infant, Premature, Diseases / physiopathology
  • Intubation, Intratracheal
  • Phospholipids*
  • Pulmonary Gas Exchange / drug effects
  • Pulmonary Surfactants / pharmacology*
  • Pulmonary Surfactants / therapeutic use*
  • Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn / drug therapy*
  • Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn / metabolism
  • Respiratory Distress Syndrome, Newborn / physiopathology
  • Time Factors
  • Xenon Radioisotopes / pharmacokinetics

Substances

  • Biological Products
  • Hypoxanthines
  • Phospholipids
  • Pulmonary Surfactants
  • Xenon Radioisotopes
  • Hypoxanthine
  • poractant alfa