Neonatal Ureaplasma urealyticum colonization and chronic lung disease

Acta Paediatr. 1994 Sep;83(9):927-30. doi: 10.1111/j.1651-2227.1994.tb13174.x.


We studied Ureaplasma urealyticum colonization in 93 intubated infants (gestational ages 23-40 weeks) in our neonatal intensive care unit by obtaining cultures from endotracheal aspirate and nasopharynx during their first week of life. Eighteen infants had positive cultures, giving a colonization rate of 19%. No infant more than 30 weeks' gestation had a positive culture. The infants with positive cultures had a significantly lower gestational age and birth weight (p < 0.009 and p < 0.005), with a colonization rate of 33% in infants less than 1000 g. Among the infants with positive cultures, 10 of 17 developed chronic lung disease in contrast with 21 of 72 infants with negative cultures. The development of chronic lung disease and duration of oxygen requirement was strongly associated with immaturity but only weakly with Ureaplasma urealyticum.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Chronic Disease
  • Colony Count, Microbial
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Infant, Low Birth Weight
  • Infant, Newborn
  • Infant, Premature, Diseases / microbiology*
  • Infant, Premature, Diseases / therapy
  • Lung Diseases / etiology*
  • Male
  • Predictive Value of Tests
  • Prospective Studies
  • Regression Analysis
  • Respiration, Artificial
  • Ureaplasma Infections / microbiology*
  • Ureaplasma urealyticum / growth & development
  • Ureaplasma urealyticum / isolation & purification*