A 1887-bp region at the 5' flank of the human p75 tumor necrosis factor receptor (p75 TNF-R)-encoding gene was found to be active in driving expression of the luc (luciferase-encoding) reporter gene, suggesting that it contains the promoter for the receptor. Rather unexpectedly, a 1827-bp region at the 3' end of the first intron of the p75 TNF-R gene also displayed promoter activity. This activity may be artefactual, reflecting only the presence of an enhancer in this region; yet it also raises the possibility that p75 TNF-R is controlled by more than one promoter and that it encodes various forms of the receptor, or even other proteins. We present here the nucleotide sequences of the 5' flanking and intron regions. Possible implications for the transcriptional regulation of the p75 TNF-R gene are discussed.