IgG antibodies against the 2,3-di-o-acyltrehalose glycolipid of Mycobacterium tuberculosis were determined in a set of 49 sera from patients with pulmonary tuberculosis and 65 negative control subjects. We compared a conventional ELISA method using a beta-galactosidase anti-human IgG conjugate developed with ONPG, with an amplification ELISA system constituted of an anti-human IgG biotinylated conjugate, a streptavidin-alkaline phosphatase complex, and NADP as a substrate. The resulting NAD was measured by using a redox enzymatic recycling system of alcohol dehydrogenase, diaphorase and iodonitrotetrazolium as chromogen. With specificity set at 92.31% in both methods, we obtained a sensitivity of 42.86% in the conventional method and a sensitivity of 61.22% in the amplified method. We conclude that by using a more sensitive method we can detect cases that otherwise could be identified as false negatives.