AIDS related attitudes and sexual practices of the Jakarta WARIA (male transvestites)

Southeast Asian J Trop Med Public Health. 1994 Mar;25(1):102-6.


As part of a community based educational campaign to convey the risk of HIV infection and AIDS to commercial sex workers in Jakarta, over 600 male transvestites (WARIA) were questioned about their sexual behavior patterns and their knowledge and attitude towards HIV infection and AIDS. Most expressed a genuine fear about AIDS, but they stated they did not have sufficient information to determine if their risk of infection, at this time, was great enough to command a change in their sexual conduct. Among the group who felt they were not at risk for HIV infection, 40% had 8 or more different sex partners per week. Low risk receptive oral sex, thigh massage (simulated vaginal sex) and masturbation of the client were routine activities but high risk receptive anal sex without condoms was most common. Despite such high risk behavior, the WARIA community remains free of HIV infections. However, if they refuse to accept the endorsement of their peer leaders and they fail to alter their sexual behavior because of an unawareness of their risk, that status will change soon.

MeSH terms

  • Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome / blood
  • Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome / epidemiology
  • Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome / prevention & control*
  • Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome / transmission
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Condoms / statistics & numerical data
  • Fear
  • Health Education
  • Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice*
  • Humans
  • Indonesia / epidemiology
  • Leadership
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Peer Group
  • Population Surveillance*
  • Risk Factors
  • Sex Work* / psychology
  • Transvestism* / psychology