Clinical experience with transcranial cerebral oximetry

Surg Neurol. 1994 Dec;42(6):531-9; discussion 540. doi: 10.1016/0090-3019(94)90084-1.


Transcranial cerebral oximetry based on the principle of near-infrared spectroscopy has been successfully used in a variety of neurosurgical conditions, primarily those associated with disturbed cerebral circulation. The non-invasive technique of cerebral oximetry provides valuable information about brain oxygenation in patients with cerebral ischemia (due to occlusion or stenosis of the internal carotid artery). It is also used in intraoperative monitoring of carotid endarterectomy and surgical procedures performed under deep hypothermia and circulatory arrest, during neuroendovascular procedures, and in critical care settings (in patients with arterial vasospasm and during the terminal period). This article describes our preliminary clinical experience with the use of this new technique and summarizes the current literature on clinical and experimental use of transcranial cerebral oximetry.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Algorithms
  • Brain / metabolism*
  • Brain / physiology
  • Brain / surgery
  • Cerebrovascular Circulation / physiology
  • Cerebrovascular Disorders / metabolism*
  • Cerebrovascular Disorders / physiopathology
  • Cerebrovascular Disorders / surgery*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Monitoring, Intraoperative
  • Monitoring, Physiologic
  • Neurosurgery
  • Oximetry / instrumentation
  • Oximetry / methods*
  • Oxygen / metabolism*
  • Reference Values
  • Vascular Surgical Procedures


  • Oxygen