To examine the relation between fetal development and plasma concentrations of fibrinogen and factor VII in adult life we followed up 202 men and women, now aged around 50 years, who had been measured in detail at birth. Plasma concentrations of fibrinogen were related to weight and abdominal circumference at birth. In men, after adjustment for cigarette smoking and current obesity, plasma concentrations of fibrinogen fell by 0.12 g/l (95% CI 0.05-0.19) for each pound increase in birthweight and by 0.10 g/l (95% CI 0.03-0.17) for each inch increase in abdominal circumference. In contrast, analysis of the data for women showed no statistically significant relation between plasma fibrinogen concentration and weight or abdominal circumference at birth. No relation was seen between concentrations of factor VII and measurements made at birth in either sex. These findings suggest that, in men, reduced growth of the liver in fetal life has a long-term influence on fibrinogen metabolism.