Reading Research Critically. II. An Introduction to Appraisal: Assessing the Evidence

J Clin Nurs. 1994 Sep;3(5):271-7. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2702.1994.tb00400.x.


This is the second of two articles providing an introduction to the critical appraisal of research reports. In this paper guidelines for evaluating the quality of evidence and the validity of conclusions are suggested, and a check-list of evaluation points is presented.

MeSH terms

  • Bias
  • Humans
  • Nursing Research / methods
  • Nursing Research / standards*
  • Reading*
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Research Design / standards