1. The aims of the present study were to determine whether long-term 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) reuptake blockade and inhibition of type-A monoamine oxidase (MAO-A) lead to an enhancement of the electrically evoked release of tritum from guinea-pig brain slices preloaded with [3H]-5-HT, and to assess the sensitivity of the terminal 5-HT1D autoreceptor, the alpha 2-adrenoceptor also located on 5-HT terminals, and the 5-HT3 receptor that modulates 5-HT release following these two types of antidepressant treatments. 2. The electrically evoked release of tritium was significantly enhanced following a 21-day treatment with the 5-HT reuptake blocker, paroxetine and the reversible MAO-A inhibitor, befloxatone, in preloaded slices of the hypothalamus, hippocampus and frontal cortex 48 h after removal of the osmotic minipumps used to deliver the drugs. 3. The inhibitory effect of the terminal 5-HT autoreceptor agonist, 5-methoxytryptamine, on the evoked release of tritium was attenuated in slices of the hypothalamus, hippocampus, but not frontal cortex, following the paroxetine treatment. In the befloxatone group, the effectiveness of 5-methoxytryptamine was unaltered in the same brain structures. 4. The sensitivity of the alpha 2-adrenoceptor on 5-HT terminals, assessed using UK 14.304, was attenuated in hypothalamus, hippocampus, but not frontal cortex slices prepared from befloxatone-treated guinea-pigs and preloaded with [3H]-5-HT. The paroxetine treatment did not alter the sensitivity of this alpha 2-adrenoceptor in the hypothalamus. 5. The sensitivity of the alpha 2-adrenoceptor on noradrenaline terminals, also assessed using UK 14.304, was not altered in hippocampus and hypothalamus slices preloaded with [3H]-noradrenaline following the long-term befloxatone treatment. 6. In frontal cortex slices, [3H]-5-HT uptake was no longer significantly attenuated after a 21-day treatment with paroxetine, whereas it was still markedly inhibited in hypothalamus slices. The enhancing effect of paroxetine on the evoked release of [3H]-5-HT in the superfusion medium was no longer evident in frontal cortex slices of the paroxetine group. These data indicate that long-term 5-HT reuptake blockade desensitized the 5-HT transporter in the frontal cortex. 7. The capacity of the 5-HT3 receptor agonist, 2 methyl-5-HT, to enhance the electrically evoked release of tritium was not altered in hypothalamus, hippocampus, and frontal cortex slices prepared from befloxatone-treated guinea-pigs, but was significantly attenuated in the paroxetine group also treated for 21 days. Following a 2-day paroxetine treatment, the enhancing effect of 2-methyl-5-HT on tritium release was unaltered in frontal cortex slices.