A 25-year-old man developed multiple eosinophilic granuloma of bone including vertebral and sacral localization. Radiotherapy was initially administered. One year later, a relapse occurred in another vertebrae which was previously irradiated. Percutaneous vertebroplasty was, for the first time to our knowledge performed, in this indication, with a good clinical result with follow-up now for one year. We emphasize that such treatment is permissible only in symptomatic, progressive lesions, with threatened decompensation of spinal stability. This technique should be used only on an adult.