Structural composition of lung parenchymal strip and mechanical behavior during sinusoidal oscillation

J Appl Physiol (1985). 1994 Oct;77(4):2029-35. doi: 10.1152/jappl.1994.77.4.2029.

Abstract

The lung parenchymal strip is comprised of many different anatomic elements, including small vessels, small airways, and alveolar walls. We questioned whether the relative amounts of these different structures are important in determining the mechanical behavior of this preparation during dynamic oscillations. We studied 16 parenchymal strips (10 x 2 x 2 mm) from 12 Sprague-Dawley rats. The strips were suspended in an organ bath filled with Krebs solution, bubbled with 95% O2-5% CO2, and maintained at 37 degrees C. One end of the strip was attached to a force transducer, and the other end was attached to a lever system that effected length (L) changes. We oscillated the strips at various resting tensions (T) (0.9 and 1.5 g), frequencies (0.1, 0.3, 0.6, and 1.0 Hz), and amplitudes (1.1, 2.4, and 5.3% of optimal L). We obtained T vs. L curves and calculated the resistance, elastance, and hysteresivity (ratio of energy dissipated to energy stored) of the tissue. At the end of the experiment, the strips were fixed in Formalin at T = 1 g. Histological sections were examined, and the amounts of airway, blood vessel, and alveolar wall were quantified using point counting techniques. We found that whereas resistance varied significantly with frequency and T, elastance and hysteresivity varied with only T. The fractional areas of alveolar, blood vessel, and bronchial wall were 86.3 +/- 0.5 (SE), 8.4 +/- 0.3, and 5.3 +/- 0.4%. Only hysteresivity and the fractional area of alveolar wall were significantly correlated at the lower resting tension (r = -0.76, P = 0.02).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Elasticity
  • Electric Stimulation
  • In Vitro Techniques
  • Lung / blood supply
  • Lung / cytology
  • Lung / physiology*
  • Male
  • Pulmonary Alveoli / physiology
  • Rats
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley
  • Respiratory Mechanics / physiology*