Bronchoscopic therapy in patients with intraluminal typical bronchial carcinoid

Chest. 1995 Feb;107(2):556-8. doi: 10.1378/chest.107.2.556.


Objective: To study the efficacy of bronchoscopic therapy in patients with intraluminal typical bronchial carcinoid.

Design: Retrospective analysis of the data of patients with bronchial carcinoid, treated primarily with bronchoscopic techniques such as Nd-YAG laser in various hospitals in the Netherlands.

Subjects: Eleven patients with pulmonary complaints, ages 22 to 60 years, who were found to have intraluminal typical bronchial carcinoid. BRONCHOSCOPIC INTERVENTIONS: Six of the 11 patients received Nd-YAG laser treatments, one received Nd-YAG laser plus photodynamic therapy, and the other four had mechanical tumor removal.

Results: Six patients were surgically treated after bronchoscopic therapy. The resected specimens showed no residual carcinoid. Median follow-up has been 70 months (range, 9 to 170 months). Five patients were not surgically treated after bronchoscopic therapy. Follow-up has been 27 to 246 months (median, 47 months) without signs of recurrence.

Conclusions: In 11 patients with typical, intraluminal, bronchial carcinoids, bronchoscopic treatment seemed to result in excellent local control, with surgical proof of cure in 6 of 11 patients. Bronchoscopic approach may provide a tissue-sparing alternative for bronchoplastic surgery in a subset of patients with typical intraluminal bronchial carcinoids.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Bronchial Neoplasms / drug therapy
  • Bronchial Neoplasms / pathology
  • Bronchial Neoplasms / surgery*
  • Bronchoscopy*
  • Carcinoid Tumor / drug therapy
  • Carcinoid Tumor / pathology
  • Carcinoid Tumor / surgery*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Laser Therapy
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Photochemotherapy