Ascorbate and related enzymes are involved in the control of several plant growth processes. Ascorbate modulates cell growth by controlling (i) the biosynthesis of hydroxyproline-rich proteins required for the progression of G1 and G2 phases of the cell cycle, (ii) the cross-linking of cell wall glycoproteins and other polymers, and (iii) redox reactions at the plasma membrane involved in elongation mechanisms. The effect of ascorbate on onion root elongation is reviewed here. The ascorbate free radical induces a high vacuolization responsible for elongation. This effect may be dependent on the activity of the redox system linked to the plasma membrane. Current data are discussed on the basis of the modulation of the plasma membrane energetic state derived from the ascorbate-induced hyperpolarization and the activity of an intrinsic transplasmalemma ascorbate-regenerating enzyme.