Immigration and socio-economy as predictors of early retirement pensions

Scand J Soc Med. 1994 Sep;22(3):187-93. doi: 10.1177/140349489402200305.


The purpose of this study, performed in a Swedish municipality, was to obtain a view of early retirement pensioners, focusing on immigration and socio-economy as predictors of early retirement pensions. A questionnaire was sent to 453 early retirement pensioners with disorders of the musculoskeletal system. A corresponding questionnaire was sent to a randomly selected, age- and sex-matched control group of the same size. The response rate was 83%. The study concludes that immigration and low socio-economy are predictors of early retirement pension (ERP). The rate of immigrants was 19% among the ERPs compared to 5% among the controls. The early retired immigrants were comparatively young, and some of them were overqualified for their previous jobs. Of the ERPs 74% were blue-collar workers compared to 39% of the controls. Neither work satisfaction nor unemployment was found to predict ERP.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Age Factors
  • Education
  • Emigration and Immigration*
  • Female
  • Housing
  • Humans
  • Job Satisfaction
  • Male
  • Middle Aged
  • Musculoskeletal Diseases*
  • Occupations
  • Pensions*
  • Retirement*
  • Sex Factors
  • Social Welfare*
  • Socioeconomic Factors*
  • Surveys and Questionnaires
  • Sweden