Objective: To determine if complexes containing monoclonal antibodies to CR1 cross-linked with antigen (antigen-based heteropolymers [AHP]) can bind the corresponding autoantibody to primate erythrocyte CR1 and promote autoantibody clearance from the circulation.
Methods: AHP were constructed by cross-linking double-stranded DNA (dsDNA) to monoclonal antibodies to CR1. The ability of AHP to facilitate binding of human anti-dsDNA antibodies to primate erythrocytes was studied in vitro using a variety of radioimmunoassays (including Farr assays), enzyme immunoassays, and fluorescence-activated cell sorting. In addition, we used a monkey model to study in vivo the AHP-mediated clearance of passively infused human anti-dsDNA antibodies.
Results: Large amounts of lupus IgG anti-dsDNA antibodies can be specifically bound to human erythrocytes via the complexes, and studies in 2 rhesus monkeys indicate that the erythrocyte-bound antibodies are rapidly cleared from the circulation.
Conclusion: This methodology may allow for development of a new therapy to facilitate autoantibody clearance in autoimmune disease.