Sequence conservation of microsatellites between Bos taurus (cattle), Capra hircus (goat) and related species. Examples of use in parentage testing and phylogeny analysis

Heredity (Edinb). 1995 Jan;74 ( Pt 1):53-61. doi: 10.1038/hdy.1995.7.


A panel of 70 bovine microsatellites was tested for amplification from goat DNA. Forty-three could be successfully amplified by PCR, 20 of which were tested for polymorphism. Three were applied for parentage testing in goat families and their exclusion probability evaluated. Fourteen were cloned and sequenced from goat DNA, and goat and bovine sequences were compared to evaluate interspecific conservation. Correlation between the structure of the dinucleotide repeat and the number of alleles was studied and indicated that interruption(s) in the repeat could explain the difference in the levels of polymorphism between the two species. This study provides a valuable in vivo clue to the mechanism generating polymorphism in microsatellites. Sequence conservation was also observed for several microsatellites with two wild species of Bovidae, Nilgaï (Boselaphus tragocamelus) and Himalayan Tur (Capra cylindricornis), and with one species of Cervidae, the fallow deer (Cervus dama). This study showed that an estimated 40 per cent of the microsatellites isolated from cattle will prove useful to study the caprine genome and to characterize economically important genetic loci in this species. Moreover, bovine microsatellites were shown to constitute very useful tools for the study of genetic diversity of the Artiodactyla.

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Base Sequence
  • Cattle / genetics*
  • Genetic Markers
  • Goats / genetics*
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Pedigree
  • Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Polymorphism, Genetic
  • Repetitive Sequences, Nucleic Acid
  • Species Specificity


  • Genetic Markers

Associated data

  • GENBANK/X77606
  • GENBANK/X79977
  • GENBANK/X80214
  • GENBANK/X80215
  • GENBANK/X80216
  • GENBANK/X80217
  • GENBANK/X80218
  • GENBANK/X80219
  • GENBANK/X80220