Human high density lipoproteins stimulate endothelin-1 release by cultured human renal proximal tubular cells

Kidney Int. 1994 Nov;46(5):1315-21. doi: 10.1038/ki.1994.400.


The vasoconstrictive and mitogenic actions of endothelins have been implicated in the pathogenesis of progressive renal disease. In the present study, we have assessed whether plasma high density lipoproteins (HDL), the major filtered urinary lipoprotein in nephrotic states, can influence endothelin-1 (ET-1) production by cultured human renal proximal tubular cells. Human HDL was found to stimulate ET-1 secretion up to fourfold in a dose- and time-dependent manner; the effect was greater in subconfluent cultures than in confluent ones. There was little difference between the stimulatory effect of HDL2 and the major HDL subclass, HDL3. Preincubation of the cells with albumin did not abolish the HDL effect, while partially- or fully-delipidated HDL3 largely reproduced the effect of whole HDL3. These findings suggest that stimulation of ET-1 secretion was not simply due to protein or lipid repletion of the cells. Rather, the effect was mediated by HDL apolipoproteins, although binding to the HDL receptors involved in cellular cholesterol homeostasis was not required as tetranitromethane-modified HDL3 was an equally effective agonist of ET-1 release. Apolipoprotein (apo) A-I was indirectly implicated in the process since modified HDL3 in which apoA-II largely replaced apoA-I was less potent than HDL3. A one hour exposure of the cells to HDL3 was sufficient to activate ET-1 production for the following 12 hours, although maximum activation required six hours.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Alkaloids / pharmacology
  • Apoproteins / pharmacology
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Cyclic AMP / biosynthesis
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Endothelins / biosynthesis*
  • Humans
  • Kidney Tubules, Proximal / cytology
  • Kidney Tubules, Proximal / drug effects
  • Kidney Tubules, Proximal / metabolism*
  • Lipoproteins, HDL / pharmacology*
  • Protein Kinase C / antagonists & inhibitors
  • Serum Albumin, Bovine
  • Staurosporine
  • Tetradecanoylphorbol Acetate / pharmacology
  • Time Factors


  • Alkaloids
  • Apoproteins
  • Endothelins
  • Lipoproteins, HDL
  • Serum Albumin, Bovine
  • Cyclic AMP
  • Protein Kinase C
  • Staurosporine
  • Tetradecanoylphorbol Acetate