Paternal influences on birthweight

Acta Obstet Gynecol Scand. 1995 Jan;74(1):15-8. doi: 10.3109/00016349509009936.


Objective: To assess the influence of paternal size on birthweight after suitable control for maternal and fetal factors.

Design: Prospective observational study.

Setting: Delivery suite, City Hospital, Nottingham.

Subjects: 571 husbands/partners of unselected women delivering August 1992 to February 1993.

Main outcome methods: Individualised birthweight ratio and thereby an adjusted birthweight for a typical mother. The results of a multiple regression analysis with the individualised birthweight ratio as the dependent variable.

Results: When considered in isolation both paternal height and weight are significantly positively associated with crude and adjusted birthweight (p < 0.01, analysis of variance). Due to correlations of paternal size with maternal size and smoking habit, only paternal height is significant in the multiple regression analysis (p = 0.01).

Conclusion: If the partner of an average woman is short (mean-2s.d.) then the baby will be 183 g lighter than if he is tall (mean + 2s.d.). This effect of paternal height on birthweight must be genetic and therefore should be taken into account when defining intra-uterine growth retardation and macrosomia.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Birth Weight* / genetics
  • Body Height* / genetics
  • Body Mass Index
  • Fathers*
  • Female
  • Fetal Growth Retardation / genetics
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Pregnancy
  • Prenatal Exposure Delayed Effects
  • Prospective Studies
  • Regression Analysis
  • Smoking