The study of anticardiolipin antibodies and interleukin-6 in cerebrospinal fluid and blood of Chinese patients with systemic lupus erythematosus and central nervous system involvement

Autoimmunity. 1994;18(3):169-75. doi: 10.3109/08916939409007993.


Anticardiolipin (ACL) antibodies and interleukin-6 (IL-6) in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) may be involved in the mechanism of lupus patients with central nervous system (CNS) involvement. ACL antibodies of 3 isotypes and IL-6 were measured in paired CSF and serum samples from 14 lupus patients with CNS involvement, 5 lupus patients without CNS involvement and 7 patients with non-inflammatory neurological diseases. ACL antibodies, IgG and IgM isotypes, and IL-6 were significantly increased in CSF from lupus patients with CNS involvement as compared with other 2 groups of patients. Both ACL antibodies and IL-6 decreased after neurological activity subsided. These results suggest increased ACL antibodies and IL-6 in CSF are involved in immune responses within CNS in lupus patients. Quantitation of CSF ACL antibodies may be helpful in evaluating neurological activity of lupus patients with CNS involvement.

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Antibodies, Anticardiolipin / blood
  • Antibodies, Anticardiolipin / cerebrospinal fluid*
  • Asian Continental Ancestry Group
  • Central Nervous System Diseases / etiology*
  • Central Nervous System Diseases / immunology
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Immunoglobulin A / cerebrospinal fluid
  • Immunoglobulin G / cerebrospinal fluid
  • Immunoglobulin M / cerebrospinal fluid
  • Interleukin-6 / blood
  • Interleukin-6 / cerebrospinal fluid*
  • Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic / complications*
  • Lupus Erythematosus, Systemic / immunology*
  • Male
  • Middle Aged


  • Antibodies, Anticardiolipin
  • Immunoglobulin A
  • Immunoglobulin G
  • Immunoglobulin M
  • Interleukin-6