The pH dependence of the subpicosecond retinal photoisomerization process in bacteriorhodopsin: evidence for parallel photocycles

Biophys J. 1994 Nov;67(5):2008-12. doi: 10.1016/S0006-3495(94)80684-8.


The pH dependence of the subpicosecond decay of the retinal photoexcited state in bacteriorhodopsin (bR) is determined in the pH range 6.8-11.3. A rapid change in the decay rate of the retinal photoexcited state is observed in the pH range 9-10, the same pH range in which a rapid change in the M412 formation kinetics was observed. This observation supports the previously proposed heterogeneity model in which parallel photocycles contribute to the observed pH dependence of the M412 formation kinetics in bR.

Publication types

  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Bacteriorhodopsins / chemistry*
  • Bacteriorhodopsins / radiation effects
  • Biophysical Phenomena
  • Biophysics
  • Hydrogen-Ion Concentration
  • Isomerism
  • Kinetics
  • Molecular Structure
  • Photochemistry
  • Retinaldehyde / chemistry
  • Retinaldehyde / radiation effects


  • Bacteriorhodopsins
  • Retinaldehyde