Pharmacokinetic studies on Elobromol in children with brain tumors

Anticancer Drugs. 1994 Oct;5(5):539-47.


Systemic pharmacokinetics of high dose (500 mg/m2), orally administered Elobromol (dibromodulcitol, DBD) were studied in 16 chemotherapeutic courses administered to five patients. Cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) DBD levels were also analyzed in two patients. Bromoepoxydulcitol (BED), dianhydrodulcitol (DAD) are cytotoxic, whereas bromoanhydrodulcitol (BAD) and anhydroepoxydulcitol (AED) are inactive metabolites detectable during the biotransformation of DBD. The HPLC method, developed by our team, is suitable for the determination of both DBD and its main metabolites (DAD and BAD). Our publication is the first in the literature to describe the pharmacokinetic properties of these three hexitol derivatives in pediatric patients. With the exception of one patient, concentration time curves were analyzed by the one-compartment model. From 30 min following administration, DBD was detectable in all plasma samples for at least 12 h; its concentration, however, was usually undetectable by 24 h. Though highly variable in value, DAD concentrations were detectable during all but one of the therapeutic courses. The following peak concentrations were observed: DBD = 3.46-30.63 microM, DAD = 1.70-6.17 microM and BAD = 0-5.63 microM. The correlation of AUCBAD and AUCDBD values were exponential up to 200 microM h with no additional increase detectable above this limit: the distribution of AUCBAD and AUCDBD was described by a maximum curve. The possibility of enterohepatic recirculation could not be excluded for any of the compounds studied. Each of the three hexitol derivatives was detectable in CSF even if the concentration of the individual metabolite remained undetectable in plasma. DBD CSF concentrations were almost constant in the period from 2.5 to 8 h following administration.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't
  • Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.

MeSH terms

  • Aging / metabolism
  • Biotransformation
  • Brain Neoplasms / drug therapy
  • Brain Neoplasms / metabolism*
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid
  • Enterohepatic Circulation / physiology
  • Female
  • Half-Life
  • Humans
  • Medulloblastoma / drug therapy
  • Medulloblastoma / metabolism*
  • Mitolactol / administration & dosage
  • Mitolactol / pharmacokinetics*


  • Mitolactol