A direct intervention program for chronic neurogenic dysphagia secondary to brainstem stroke

Dysphagia. Winter 1995;10(1):6-18. doi: 10.1007/BF00261273.


Little objective documentation is available regarding the efficacy of therapies for oropharyngeal dysphagia. Information specifying efficacy of treatment for chronic dysphagic conditions is almost nonexistent. This report describes a direct therapy program for chronic neurogenic dysphagia resulting from brainstem stroke, and provides information on immediate and long-term clinical outcome. Changes in swallowing physiology reflect goals of therapy. Long-term follow-up shows that functional benefits are long lasting without related health complications.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Aged
  • Biofeedback, Psychology
  • Brain Stem / physiopathology*
  • Cerebrovascular Disorders / complications*
  • Cerebrovascular Disorders / physiopathology*
  • Chronic Disease
  • Deglutition Disorders / diagnosis
  • Deglutition Disorders / etiology*
  • Deglutition Disorders / therapy*
  • Electromyography
  • Female
  • Functional Laterality
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Severity of Illness Index
  • Treatment Outcome