Human T-cell leukemia virus type 1 (HTLV-1) is etiologically associated with adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATL). The prototypic HTLV-1, ATK, is the only full-length provirus cloned from uncultured leukemic cells and completely sequenced prior to this study. We have determined the complete nucleotide sequence of another full-length HTLV-1 provirus cloned directly from leukemic cells. A premature termination codon was found in the second open reading frame (orf II) of the pX region. Our finding indicates that open reading frame II of the HTLV-1 pX region is not required for outgrowth of ATL leukemic clones in vivo.