Neutrophil accumulation after traumatic brain injury in rats: comparison of weight drop and controlled cortical impact models

J Neurotrauma. 1994 Oct;11(5):499-506. doi: 10.1089/neu.1994.11.499.


Previous work in our laboratory and others using the weight drop (WD) model of traumatic brain injury (TBI) has shown that neutrophils accumulate in brain tissue during the initial 24 h posttrauma as measured by myeloperoxidase (MPO) activity and immunohistochemistry. This study compares the acute inflammatory response to TBI over time, as measured by MPO activity, in the WD and controlled cortical impact (CCI) models. Anesthetized adult Sprague-Dawley rats were traumatized using WD (10-g weight dropped 5 cm) or CCI (4 m/sec, 2.5 mm depth). At 2, 24, 48, or 168 h after trauma, rats (n = 4-5/group at each time) were anesthetized and killed, the brains were removed, and 6-mm coronal slices from traumatized and contralateral hemispheres were assayed for MPO activity. Nontraumatized rats (n = 4) served as controls. Three additional rats underwent a more severe CCI (3 mm depth) with MPO activity assayed at 24 h. A separate group of rats (n = 6) was subjected to WD trauma and killed at 2 weeks after injury for analysis of lesion volume. MPO activity in the traumatized hemisphere was demonstrated at 24 and 48 h in both the WD (0.3152 +/- 0.0472 and 0.3017 +/- 0.0228 U/g, respectively, p < 0.05 vs controls) and CCI (0.1866 +/- 0.0225 and 0.1937 +/- 0.0772 U/g, respectively, p < 0.05 vs controls) models. MPO activity was below the sensitivity of the assay in the control, 2 h, and 168 h groups in both models.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Analysis of Variance
  • Animals
  • Brain / enzymology
  • Brain / pathology*
  • Brain Injuries / enzymology
  • Brain Injuries / pathology*
  • Cerebral Cortex / injuries*
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • Male
  • Neutrophils / enzymology
  • Neutrophils / pathology*
  • Peroxidase / metabolism
  • Rats
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley
  • Weight Loss


  • Peroxidase