Biotransformation and pharmacokinetics of sulfinpyrazone (Anturan) in man

Eur J Clin Pharmacol. 1975 Dec 19;9(2-3):135-45. doi: 10.1007/BF00614010.


The absorption, biotransformation and elimination of sulfinpyrazone, 1,2-diphenyl-3,5-dioxo-4-(2'-phenylsufinylethyl)-pyrazolidine, have been studied by administration of single 200 mg oral doses of a 14C-labelled preparation to two male volunteers. Absorption from the gastro-intestinal tract was rapid and complete and the plasma concentration of unchanged drug reached maximum values of 22.67 and 13.04 mug/ml, respectively, after 1 - 2 hours. The elimination half-life in the two subjects, calculated from the decline between 3 and 8 hours, was 2.7 and 2.2 hours. The integrated concentration of unchanged sulfinpyrazone in plasma, estimated from the area under the concentration curves (AUC), was almost as high as that of total 14C-substances, so the proportion of metabolized drug in plasma was low. In no case did the AUC of the three specifically determined metabolites. i.e. the sulphone G 31 442, the "para-hydroxy"=compound G 32 642 and the "4-hydroxy"- compound GP 52 097, exceed 4% of the sulfinpyrazone value. More than 95% of whole blood radioactivity was confined to plasma. The oral dose was rapidly and completely excreted, since within 4 days more than 95% was recovered, 85% from urine and 10% from faeces. A large proportion of the dose was excreted as unchanged drug in the two volunteers: 51 and 54% of total urinary radioactivity was present as sulfinpyrazone; 8.2 and 8.8% was present as "para-hydroxy"-metabolite, 2.7 and 3.0% as sulphone-metabolite, and 0.6 and 0.8% as "4-hydroxy"-metabolite. About 30% of urinary radioactivity consisted of highly polar metabolites. Spectroscopy of them showed that they were the C-beta-glucuronides of sulfinpyrazone (28%) and the corresponding sulfone (2%). In these metabolites the C(4) of the pyrazolidine ring was directly attached to glucuronic acid, and thus they represent a new type of biosynthetic conjugate.

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Biotransformation
  • Chromatography, Liquid
  • Chromatography, Thin Layer
  • Glucuronates / biosynthesis
  • Humans
  • Intestinal Absorption
  • Kinetics
  • Male
  • Mass Spectrometry
  • Methods
  • Molecular Conformation
  • Oxidation-Reduction
  • Radioisotope Dilution Technique
  • Sulfinpyrazone / metabolism*
  • Time Factors


  • Glucuronates
  • Sulfinpyrazone