The results of surgical salvage of radiation failures of laryngeal carcinoma were reviewed. There were 167 stage T3 and T4 patients. The operative mortality was 7%. The complication rates were 8% wound infection, 13% chest complication, and 25% anastomotic leakage. After the first salvage operation, pharyngeal recurrence developed in 28 (18%) patients. Seven (25%) patients were feasible for second salvage operation, and none of them had further local recurrence. There were 9 (5%) tracheostomal recurrences. Of the 126 N0 patients, 23 (18%) had nodal recurrence, and only 5 of the nodal recurrences were feasible for salvage by radical neck dissection. All 41 node-positive patients underwent radical neck dissection, and 9 (23%) had nodal recurrence. Of the 126 node-negative patients, 19 (15%) had distant metastasis. Of the 41 node-positive patients, 18 (44%) had distant metastasis. The node-positive patients had a significantly high distant failure rate despite locoregional control of tumor. The adjusted 5-year survival rate of T3-4N0M0 was 45%, and that of T3-4N + M0 was 22%.