SR 46559A: a novel and potent muscarinic compound with no cholinergic syndrome

Psychopharmacology (Berl). 1993;112(2-3):219-27. doi: 10.1007/BF02244914.


The cholinergic activities of SR 46559A, 3-[N-(2 diethyl-amino-2-methylpropyl)-6-phenyl-5-propyl] pyridazinamine sesquifumarate, have been investigated in vitro and in vivo, in rodents. Using rat brain cortical membranes, SR 46559A was a competitive ligand (Ki = 112 nM) at muscarinic M1 receptors, its affinity for muscarinic M2 (cardiac) and M3 (glandular) receptors being 6-7 times lower. SR 46559A did not interact with brain nicotinic receptors and high affinity choline uptake sites nor did it inhibit brain acetylcholinesterase activity. In contrast to reference muscarinic agonists, SR 46559A (1 mM) did not inhibit the forskolin-induced activation of cAMP synthesis nor did it stimulate phosphoinositides breakdown in various brain preparations. However, this compound enhanced (+67% at 1 mM) diacylglycerol formation in rat striatal miniprisms, an effect fully reversed by atropine. As shown with reference agonists, SR 46559A inhibited (IC50 = 10 microM) the K(+)-evoked release of [3H]GABA from rat striatal slices and reduced at 0.5 and 1 microM, the population spike amplitude of the CA1 pyramidal cells induced by stimulation of the Schaffer's collateral commissural pathway in rat hippocampal slices. In mice, SR 46559A at a near lethal dose (200 mg/kg PO) did not induce the typical cholinergic syndrome nor did it modify at 30 mg/kg PO the oxotremorine-induced hypothermia. Like muscarinic agonists, SR 46559A (1 mg/kg PO) potentiated haloperidol-induced catalepsy in rats and inhibited (ED50 = 0.12 mg/kg PO) rotations induced in mice by intrastriatal injection of pirenzepine.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

MeSH terms

  • Acetylcholinesterase / metabolism
  • Animals
  • Avoidance Learning / drug effects
  • Behavior, Animal / drug effects
  • Brain Chemistry / drug effects
  • Electrophysiology
  • Exploratory Behavior / drug effects
  • Female
  • Male
  • Memory / drug effects
  • Mice
  • Muscarinic Agonists / pharmacology*
  • Parasympathetic Nervous System / drug effects*
  • Propylamines / pharmacology*
  • Pyridazines / pharmacology*
  • Radioligand Assay
  • Rats
  • Rats, Sprague-Dawley
  • Rats, Wistar
  • Receptors, Muscarinic / metabolism
  • Social Behavior


  • Muscarinic Agonists
  • Propylamines
  • Pyridazines
  • Receptors, Muscarinic
  • SR 46559A
  • Acetylcholinesterase