A profile of outcome: 2 years after traumatic brain injury

Brain Inj. 1995 Jan;9(1):1-10. doi: 10.3109/02699059509004565.

Abstract

A group of 175 traumatic brain injury (TBI) patients who had undergone intensive rehabilitation at Bethesda Hospital attended a follow-up interview 2 years after injury. The majority of patients had suffered severe TBI. Outcome was documented in ten areas: medical/physical, mobility, activities of daily living (ADLs) accommodation, marital status, leisure and recreation, employment/study, communication, cognition and behaviour. Whilst most patients were physically independent and competent in personal and domestic activities of daily living, a third of the group were still reliant on assistance with community skills and transport, and more than half of those who previously had a job, were not working at 2 years post-injury. Around two-thirds of the sample reported cognitive, behavioural and emotional changes. There is clearly a need for ongoing community-based support and assistance in dealing with practical difficulties and psychological problems as they are experienced after return to the community.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Activities of Daily Living / classification*
  • Adolescent
  • Adult
  • Brain Damage, Chronic / rehabilitation*
  • Brain Injuries / rehabilitation*
  • Combined Modality Therapy
  • Disability Evaluation
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Head Injuries, Closed / rehabilitation
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Marital Status
  • Multiple Trauma / rehabilitation
  • Neurocognitive Disorders / rehabilitation*
  • Patient Care Team
  • Rehabilitation Centers
  • Rehabilitation, Vocational*
  • Social Adjustment*
  • Treatment Outcome