We have detected sialyltransferase activity of recombinant mouse STX, which was cloned from rat brain as a new member of the sialyltransferase family, but sialyltransferase activity of which had not been detected previously [Livingston and Paulson, J. Biol. Chem. (1993) 268, 11504-11507]. The activity of mouse STX was specific toward sialylated glycoproteins. N-Glycanase treatment and linkage-specific sialidase treatment of glycoproteins revealed that STX transfers sialic acids through alpha 2,8-linkages to only N-linked oligosaccharides of glycoproteins. However, polymerase activity for polysialic acid synthesis was not detected for this sialyltransferase. Since this alpha 2,8-sialyltransferase gene is highly restricted in fetal and newborn brain, it may be involved in the polysialylation of glycoproteins, especially of N-CAM.