In previous papers, we have described the discovery of a new series of compounds, 4,5,6,7-tetrahydro-5-methylimidazo[4,5,1-jk][1,4]benzodiazepin-2(1 H)- ones, TlBO (1 and 1a), with potent anti-HIV-1 activity and the synthesis of analogues to better define the structure-activity relationships (SAR) in terms of changes in substituents at the N-6 position and variations of the five-membered urea ring as well as the seven-membered diazepine ring. This paper describes the synthesis of TlBO analogues with various substitutents on the aromatic ring and their SAR in terms of anti-HIV-1 properties. Substituents on the 8-position furnished the most rewarding results and gave a large improvement in potency versus the parent compound. These included halogen, thiomethyl, and methyl. Analogues like 8-cyano, -methoxy, and -acetylene were equipotent, while 8-amino, -acetylamino, -dimethylamino, and -nitro were inactive (Table 1). Substituents at the 9-position tended to have little effect on activity, and 10-substituents decreased activity. The 8-chloro compound 6a with IC50 = 0.0043 microM is currently under clinical development.