Efficacy of pravastatin in combination with captopril in hypertensive patients

Med J Aust. 1995 Feb 20;162(4):206-8. doi: 10.5694/j.1326-5377.1995.tb126026.x.

Abstract

Objective: To determine the efficacy of pravastatin in the treatment of primary hypercholesterolaemia in patients being treated with captopril for hypertension.

Design: A double-blind parallel group study comparing 12 weeks of pravastatin therapy (20-40 mg/day) with placebo.

Participants: 25 patients (age, 37-73 years) with mild-to-moderate hypertension and hypercholesterolaemia (total cholesterol level, 5.5-8.8 mmol/L).

Results: Pravastatin reduced total cholesterol levels by 22% (from 7.1 +/- 0.29 [SEM] to 5.5 +/- 0.25 mmol/L; P < 0.001) and low-density-lipoprotein cholesterol levels by 32% (from 5.0 +/- 0.32 to 3.4 +/- 0.28 mmol/L; P < 0.001) in four weeks and these levels were maintained for the 12 weeks of therapy. Pre-pravastatin values returned three weeks after stopping therapy. Levels of total cholesterol, cholesterol fractions and triglycerides remained constant or deteriorated in the placebo group. Pravastatin therapy was well tolerated. An integrated coronary risk score showed a 40% reduction in risk.

Conclusion: This study indicates that pravastatin (combined with captopril) is an effective cholesterol-lowering drug, but that treatment needs to be maintained.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Controlled Clinical Trial
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Aged
  • Analysis of Variance
  • Captopril / therapeutic use*
  • Cholesterol / blood
  • Double-Blind Method
  • Drug Therapy, Combination
  • Humans
  • Hypercholesterolemia / blood
  • Hypercholesterolemia / complications
  • Hypercholesterolemia / drug therapy*
  • Hypertension / blood
  • Hypertension / complications
  • Hypertension / drug therapy*
  • Middle Aged
  • Pravastatin / therapeutic use*
  • Treatment Outcome

Substances

  • Cholesterol
  • Captopril
  • Pravastatin