Arteriovenous fistula of the scalp after hair transplantation treated by endovascular embolization

Ann Plast Surg. 1994 Dec;33(6):633-7. doi: 10.1097/00000637-199412000-00013.


A 27-year-old patient acquired an arteriovenous fistula after punch graft hair transplantation. This lesion was treated by (percutaneous) puncture and injection of a liquid acrylic (N-butyl-2-cyanoacrylate). The fistula was completely obliterated by the endovascular therapy without the need for additional vascular or cosmetic surgery. Endovascular therapy may be helpful as an adjunctive or primary treatment modality for iatrogenic or post-trauma fistulas.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Adult
  • Angiography
  • Arteriovenous Fistula / diagnostic imaging
  • Arteriovenous Fistula / etiology
  • Arteriovenous Fistula / therapy*
  • Embolization, Therapeutic*
  • Enbucrilate / administration & dosage
  • Hair / transplantation*
  • Humans
  • Injections
  • Male
  • Radiography, Interventional
  • Scalp / blood supply*
  • Transplantation, Autologous / adverse effects


  • Enbucrilate