Sulphated cholecystokinin-8 (CCK-8) given into the neostriatum of the rat by in vivo microdialysis produced a concentration-dependent (1-100 microM) increase in extracellular aspartate (Asp) and dynorphin B (Dyn B), but not in glutamate, GABA or dopamine levels. The increase in Asp levels produced by 10 microM CCK-8 was approximately 10 fold and was inhibited (approximately 50%) by the CCKB antagonist L-365,260 (20 mg kg-1, i.p.), while the increase in Dyn B (approximately 2 fold) was totally abolished. Both increases were inhibited (approximately 50%) by local infusion of 10 microM of tetrodotoxin (TTX). Thus, CCK exerts modulatory effects in the basal ganglia, possibly by interacting with local neostriatal neurones releasing Asp, and with Dyn B-containing neurones projecting to the pars reticulata of the substantia nigra.