Modulation of breast cancer progression and differentiation by the gp30/heregulin [correction of neregulin]

Breast Cancer Res Treat. 1994;31(2-3):175-82. doi: 10.1007/BF00666151.


In the last decade we have come to understand that the growth of cancer cells in general and of breast cancer in particular depends, in many cases, upon growth factors that will bind to and activate their receptors. One of these growth factor receptors is the erbB-2 protein which plays an important role in the prognosis of breast cancer and is overexpressed in nearly 30% of human breast cancer patients. While evidence accumulates to support the relationship between erbB-2 overexpression and poor overall survival in breast cancer, understanding of the biological consequence(s) of erbB-2 overexpression remains elusive. Our recent discovery of the gp30 has allowed us to identify a number of related but distinct biological endpoints which appear responsive to signal transduction through the erbB-2 receptor. These endpoints of growth, invasiveness, and differententiation te have clear implications for the emergence, maintenance and/or control of malignancy, and represent established endpoints in the assessment of malignant progression in breast cancer. We have shown that gp30 induces a biphasic growth effect on cells with erbB-2 over-expression. We have recently determined the protein sequence of gp30 and cloned its full length cDNA sequence. We have also cloned two additional forms to the ligand, that are believed to be different isoforms. We are currently expressing the different forms in order to determine their biological effects. To elucidate the cellular mechanisms underlying cell growth inhibition by gp30, we tested the effect of this ligand on cell growth and differentiation of the human breast cancer cells which overexpress erbB-2 and cells which express low levels of this protooncogene.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

MeSH terms

  • Adenocarcinoma / pathology
  • Breast Neoplasms / genetics
  • Breast Neoplasms / pathology*
  • Cadherins / biosynthesis
  • Cadherins / genetics
  • Carcinoma, Intraductal, Noninfiltrating / genetics
  • Carcinoma, Intraductal, Noninfiltrating / pathology
  • Cell Differentiation / drug effects
  • Cell Division / drug effects
  • Chemotaxis / drug effects
  • Cloning, Molecular
  • Disease Progression
  • Endocytosis / drug effects
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic / drug effects
  • Glycoproteins / genetics
  • Glycoproteins / pharmacology*
  • Glycoproteins / physiology
  • Humans
  • Neoplasm Invasiveness
  • Neoplasm Proteins / biosynthesis
  • Neoplasm Proteins / genetics
  • Neoplasm Proteins / physiology*
  • Phosphorylation / drug effects
  • Protein Processing, Post-Translational / drug effects
  • Receptor, ErbB-2 / physiology*
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins / metabolism
  • Transcription Factor AP-1 / biosynthesis
  • Transcription Factor AP-1 / genetics
  • Transforming Growth Factor alpha*
  • Tumor Cells, Cultured


  • Cadherins
  • Glycoproteins
  • Neoplasm Proteins
  • Recombinant Fusion Proteins
  • TGF-alpha-like 30-kDa glycoprotein, human
  • Transcription Factor AP-1
  • Transforming Growth Factor alpha
  • Receptor, ErbB-2