Chiropractic Management of Primary Nocturnal Enuresis

J Manipulative Physiol Ther. Nov-Dec 1994;17(9):596-600.

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate chiropractic management of primary nocturnal enuresis in children.

Design: A controlled clinical trial for 10 wk preceded by and followed by a 2-wk nontreatment period.

Setting: Chiropractic clinic of the Palmer Institute of Graduate Studies and Research.

Participants: Forty-six nocturnal enuretic children (31 treatment and 15 control group), from a group of 57 children initially included in the study, participated in the trial.

Intervention: High velocity, short lever adjustments of the spine consistent with the Palmer Package Techniques; or a sham adjustment using an Activator at a nontension setting administered to the examiner's underlying contact point. Two 5th-year chiropractic students under the supervision of two clinic faculty performed the adjustments.

Main outcome measures: Frequency of wet nights.

Results: The post-treatment mean wet night frequency of 7.6 nights/2 wk for the treatment group was significantly less than its baseline mean wet night frequency of 9.1 nights/2 wk (p = 0.05). For the control group, there was practically no change (12.1 to 12.2 nights/2 wk) in the mean wet night frequency from the baseline to the post-treatment. The mean pre- to post-treatment change in the wet night frequency for the treatment group compared with the control group did not reach statistical significance (p = 0.067). Twenty-five percent of the treatment-group children had 50% or more reduction in the wet night frequency from baseline to post-treatment while none among the control group had such reduction.

Conclusions: Results of the present study strongly suggest the effectiveness of chiropractic treatment for primary nocturnal enuresis. A larger study of longer duration with a 6-month follow-up is therefore warranted.

Publication types

  • Clinical Trial
  • Controlled Clinical Trial
  • Randomized Controlled Trial

MeSH terms

  • Adolescent
  • Child
  • Child, Preschool
  • Chiropractic / methods*
  • Enuresis / psychology
  • Enuresis / therapy*
  • Female
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Stress, Psychological