Cerebral embolism due to left ventricular pacemaker lead: removal with cardiopulmonary bypass

Pacing Clin Electrophysiol. 1994 Dec;17(12 Pt 1):2353-5. doi: 10.1111/j.1540-8159.1994.tb02387.x.


Malposition of a cardiac pacemaker lead within the left ventricle represents a source of early and late thromboembolic complications. We report a case of cerebral embolism, caused by an inadvertently misplaced left ventricular electrode, occurring 3 years after implantation. The lead was removed via a transaortic approach with extracorporeal circulation.

Publication types

  • Case Reports

MeSH terms

  • Echocardiography, Transesophageal
  • Female
  • Heart Ventricles
  • Humans
  • Intracranial Embolism and Thrombosis / etiology*
  • Middle Aged
  • Pacemaker, Artificial / adverse effects*
  • Radiography, Thoracic