Forty-six verotoxin-producing Escherichia coli (VTEC) strains isolated from diarrhoeic and healthy calves in Spain were examined for DNA sequences homologous to genes for verotoxins (VT1 and VT2) and enterotoxins (LT-I, LT-II, STaH, STaP and STb). Hybridisation showed that 26 (57%) of VTEC strains carried VT1 genes, 13 (28%) possessed VT2 genes, and 7 (15%) carried both VT1 and VT2 genes. No VTEC strains hybridised with DNA probes for enterotoxins. A correlation was found between the serotype and type of VT produced. Thus, all strains of serotypes O26:K-:H11 (13 strains), O103:K-:H2 (3 strains) and O128:K?:H- (4 strains) hybridised with the VT1 probe only, whereas all strains of serotypes O4:K-:H4 (3 strains) and O113:K-:H21 (4 strains) were positive with the VT2 probe only. By contrast, O81:K?:H28 (2 strains) and O157:K-:H- (2 strains) strains hybridised with both VT1 and VT2 probes. One strain of serotype O157:K-:H7 was VT2 positive.