A regulatory element downstream of the rat SM22 alpha gene transcription start point enhances reporter gene expression in vascular smooth muscle cells

Gene. 1995 Mar 10;154(2):249-53. doi: 10.1016/0378-1119(94)00847-l.


SM22 alpha is a 22-kDa protein of unknown function, the mRNA of which is highly and specifically expressed in smooth muscle cells (SMC). The 5' untranslated leader sequence of the rat SM22 alpha gene was found to contain two introns of 3.6 and 2.9 kb. Two transcripts of SM22 alpha exist in all SMC types examined, and genomic mapping of the gene suggests these transcripts result from different 5' transcription start points, split by the 2.9-kb intron. A small intron (102 bp), which contains an E-box consensus sequence, was found within the coding region 178 bp from the ATG start codon. The 3.6-kb intron contains 82 bp which show 98% homology at the RNA level with the rat identifier sequence (ID). Transient reporter gene assays demonstrate that a 576-bp fragment, including the ID, contains a regulatory element which may contribute to the SMC-specific expression of SM22 alpha.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Base Sequence
  • Chloramphenicol O-Acetyltransferase / biosynthesis
  • Cloning, Molecular
  • Consensus Sequence
  • Enhancer Elements, Genetic
  • Exons
  • Genes, Reporter
  • Introns
  • Microfilament Proteins*
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Muscle Proteins / genetics*
  • Muscle, Smooth, Vascular / chemistry*
  • Muscle, Smooth, Vascular / enzymology
  • Promoter Regions, Genetic
  • Rats
  • Regulatory Sequences, Nucleic Acid*
  • Repetitive Sequences, Nucleic Acid
  • Sequence Analysis, DNA


  • Microfilament Proteins
  • Muscle Proteins
  • Tagln protein, mouse
  • transgelin
  • Chloramphenicol O-Acetyltransferase

Associated data

  • GENBANK/M83107