Activation of nucleotide receptors inhibits M-type K current [IK(M)] in neuroblastoma x glioma hybrid cells

Pflugers Arch. 1994 Dec;429(2):223-30. doi: 10.1007/BF00374316.

Abstract

A phospholipase-C-linked nucleotide receptor, sensitive to both uridine and adenosine triphosphate (UTP and ATP) has been cloned from NG108-15 neuroblastoma x glioma hybrid cells. We have tested whether activation of this receptor could inhibit the voltage-dependent K+ current [IK(M) or "M-current"] in NG108-15 cells recorded using whole-cell patch-clamp methods. Both UTP and ATP inhibited IK(M) by 44% and 42%, respectively, at 100 microM. Mean IC50 values were: UTP, 0.77 +/- 0.27 microM; ATP, 1.81 +/- 0.82 microM. The order of nucleotide and nucleoside activity at 100 microM was: UTP = ATP > ATP [gamma S] = ITP > 2-MeSATP > ADP = GTP >> AMP-CPP, adenosine, where ATP[gamma S] is adenosine 5'-O-(3-thiotriphosphate), ITP is inosine 5'-triphosphate, 2-MeSATP is 2-methylthio ATP and AMP-CPP is alpha, beta methylene ATP. This rank order accords with their activities at the cloned P2U receptor. Effects were not inhibited by suramin (up to 500 microM) or by pre-incubation for 12 h in 500 ng.ml-1 Pertussis toxin. Inhibition of IK(M) was frequently preceded by a transient outward current, probably a Ca(2+)-activated K+ current, responding to Ca2+ mobilization. No effect on the delayed rectifier K+ current was observed. These observations match those expected from stimulating other phospholipase-C-linked receptors in NG108-15 cells.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Adenosine Triphosphate / pharmacology
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Glioma / metabolism*
  • Hybrid Cells / drug effects
  • Hybrid Cells / physiology*
  • Membrane Potentials / drug effects
  • Neuroblastoma / metabolism*
  • Nucleosides / pharmacology
  • Nucleotides / metabolism
  • Nucleotides / pharmacology*
  • Potassium Channels / physiology
  • Receptors, Purinergic P2 / drug effects*
  • Receptors, Purinergic P2 / physiology
  • Receptors, Purinergic P2Y2
  • Uridine Triphosphate / pharmacology

Substances

  • Nucleosides
  • Nucleotides
  • Potassium Channels
  • Receptors, Purinergic P2
  • Receptors, Purinergic P2Y2
  • Adenosine Triphosphate
  • Uridine Triphosphate