In previous studies, female caregivers generally reported more distress than did male caregivers. This study assesses the validity of 2 explanations of this gender difference. The 1st model hypothesizes that male caregivers are less likely to be attentive to their emotions and, therefore, fail to recognize and report distress. The 2nd model hypothesizes that women are socialized to use coping styles that are less effective for alleviating distress. The data partially supported both explanations. These results support the importance of seeking explanations for observed gender differences.