Hepatic changes of mice in the subacute phase of streptozotocin (SZ)-induced diabetes were investigated biochemically and pathologically. Biochemically, the contents of serum glucose and of serum and liver lipids increased while the content of liver glycogen decreased in SZ-induced diabetic mice. Histopathologically, hypertrophy of hepatocytes due to an increase in number of intracytoplasmic acidophilic granules was common to SZ-induced diabetic mice. Electron microscopically, these hepatocytes were characterized by a prominent increase in number of mitochondria showing normal structure, a marked decrease of glycogen granules and poorly developed rough endoplasmic reticulum, which were common to so-called oncocytic cells. In some SZ-induced diabetic mice, bile duct hyperplasia with an appearance of cytomegalic hepatocytes was also observed.