Identification of a novel X-linked gene responsible for Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy

Nat Genet. 1994 Dec;8(4):323-7. doi: 10.1038/ng1294-323.


Emery-Dreifuss muscular dystrophy (EDMD) is an X-linked recessive disorder characterized by slowly progressing contractures, wasting of skeletal muscle and cardiomyopathy. Heart block is a frequent cause of death. The disease gene has been mapped to distal Xq28. Among many genes in this region, we selected eight transcripts expressed at high levels in skeletal muscle, heart and/or brain as the best candidates for the disease. We now report, in all five patients studied, unique mutations in one of the genes, STA: these mutations result in the loss of all or part of the protein. The EDMD gene encodes a novel serine-rich protein termed emerin, which contains a 20 amino acid hydrophobic domain at the C terminus, similar to that described for many membrane proteins of the secretory pathway involved in vesicular transport.

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Base Sequence
  • Cells, Cultured
  • DNA Mutational Analysis
  • DNA, Complementary
  • Genetic Linkage*
  • Humans
  • Membrane Proteins / genetics*
  • Molecular Sequence Data
  • Muscular Dystrophies / genetics*
  • Muscular Dystrophy, Emery-Dreifuss
  • Nuclear Proteins
  • RNA, Messenger / genetics
  • RNA, Messenger / metabolism
  • Sequence Homology, Amino Acid
  • Thymopoietins / genetics*
  • X Chromosome*


  • DNA, Complementary
  • Membrane Proteins
  • Nuclear Proteins
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Thymopoietins
  • emerin

Associated data

  • GENBANK/X82434