Expression of Siah-2, a vertebrate homologue of Drosophila sina, in germ cells of the mouse ovary and testis

Cell Tissue Res. 1995 Feb;279(2):411-9. doi: 10.1007/BF00318499.


Siah-2 is one of three murine homologues of the Drosophila gene seven in absentia (sina). The sina protein is nuclear localizing and required downstream of Ras1, Raf and the tyrosine kinase sevenless in Drosophila. Recent results have demonstrated a high degree of functional conservation between vertebrate and insect tyrosine kinase signalling pathways, involving such proteins as Son of sevenless, Grb2 and GAP. These findings, together with the high degree of sequence conservation between the Siah proteins and sina, suggest that the mammalian Siah proteins may also participate in signal transduction by some tyrosine kinases. Here, we report a high level of expression of Siah-2 in a specific population of germ cells within both the mouse ovary and testis. Siah-2 expression was absent in primordial oocytes but was detected in all growing oocytes, coincident with their recruitment from the pool of quiescent cells. The level of Siah-2 mRNA increased as the oocytes matured and was readily detectable in Graafian follicles and in fertilized zygotes up until the two cell stage, a time of extensive maternal transcript degradation and zygotic gene activation. The expression of Siah-2 in the testis was first detected in postmeiotic spermatids. These represented a comparable stage of germ cell development to those cells first expressing Siah-2 in the ovary. The expression pattern of Siah-2 in germ cells was similar to that described for the proto-oncogene c-mos, and the possibility that Siah-2 lies downstream of p39mos in signal transduction within the mouse oocyte requires further investigation.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Comparative Study
  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • Animals
  • Female
  • Gene Expression Regulation, Developmental*
  • Germ Cells / metabolism*
  • In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence
  • Male
  • Mice / growth & development
  • Mice / metabolism*
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • Nuclear Proteins / biosynthesis*
  • Nuclear Proteins / genetics
  • Oogenesis
  • Organ Specificity
  • Ovary / cytology*
  • Ovary / growth & development
  • RNA, Messenger / analysis
  • Spermatogenesis
  • Testis / cytology*
  • Testis / growth & development
  • Transcriptional Activation
  • Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases
  • Zygote / chemistry


  • Nuclear Proteins
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Ubiquitin-Protein Ligases
  • seven in absentia proteins