Determinants of benzo[a]pyrene diol epoxide adducts to albumin in workers exposed to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons

Int Arch Occup Environ Health. 1994;66(5):343-8. doi: 10.1007/BF00378368.


The present study was undertaken among 260 subjects [133 controls and 127 persons exposed to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) from two steel foundries and a graphite electrode producing plant in order to investigate the relationship between the benzo[a]-pyrene-diol epoxide adducts to albumin (BPDE-alb) and the intensity of exposure to PAHs. Blood samples were collected from each subject and BPDE-alb adduct determination was performed using a high-pressure liquid chromatography technique with fluorescence detection. Exposure to PAHs was assessed by measuring airborne concentration of 13 PAHs including benzo[a]pyrene (BaP) using personal air sampling and 1-hydroxypyrene excretion (1-HOP) in postshift urine. Significantly higher BPDE-alb adduct levels were observed in exposed workers compared to controls but wide interindividual variation was observed between subjects with the same level of exposure. BPDE-alb adduct level was weakly but significantly associated with the airborne concentrations of total PAHs (r = 0.35, P = 0.0001) and BaP (r = 0.30, P = 0.0001), and urinary 1-HOP excretion (r = 0.29, P = 0.0001). Alcohol and dietary habits, place of residence, and renal and hepatic status were not found to influence the concentration of BPDE-alb adducts significantly. However, for the same level of exposure to BaP, smokers had a higher probability of having an elevated BPDE-alb adduct level than non-smokers.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Publication types

  • Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

MeSH terms

  • 7,8-Dihydro-7,8-dihydroxybenzo(a)pyrene 9,10-oxide / metabolism*
  • Adult
  • Albumins / metabolism*
  • Humans
  • Metallurgy*
  • Occupational Exposure*
  • Polycyclic Compounds* / metabolism
  • Pyrenes / metabolism


  • Albumins
  • Polycyclic Compounds
  • Pyrenes
  • 7,8-Dihydro-7,8-dihydroxybenzo(a)pyrene 9,10-oxide
  • 1-hydroxypyrene